International Women’s Day (IWD) is a global event celebrated annually on March 8th to recognize the social, economic, cultural, and political achievements of women and to call attention to the ongoing struggle for gender equality. It is a day to celebrate the progress that has been made towards gender equality and to call for continued action to address issues such as gender-based violence, unequal pay, and underrepresentation of women in leadership positions. The theme for International Women’s Day changes every year, with a focus on different aspects of the fight for gender equality.
who invented International Women’s Day which country was celebrate first time
International Women’s Day was not invented by a single person or country. The idea of having a day to celebrate women’s achievements and advocate for gender equality can be traced back to the early 20th century, when women in various countries were fighting for their rights.
The first recorded instance of a National Women’s Day was in the United States on February 28, 1909, organized by the Socialist Party of America to honor the 1908 garment workers’ strike in New York City, where women protested against poor working conditions and low wages.
In 1910, the idea of an International Women’s Day was proposed at an International Socialist Women’s Conference by German activist Clara Zetkin, with the aim of promoting equal rights, including suffrage, for women. The proposal was unanimously adopted, and the first International Women’s Day was celebrated on March 19, 1911, in Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland.
Since then, International Women’s Day has been celebrated annually on March 8th in many countries around the world, although it was not officially recognized by the United Nations until 1975.
World top women’s names and there achievements
There are countless women who have made significant achievements throughout history, so it is difficult to provide an exhaustive list. However, here are a few examples of some of the most well-known and influential women and their accomplishments:
Marie Curie: A physicist and chemist who made groundbreaking contributions to the field of radioactivity, including the discovery of the elements polonium and radium. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize (in Physics, 1903) and the first person to win two Nobel Prizes in different fields (the second in Chemistry, 1911).
Amelia Earhart: A pioneering aviator who became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean in 1932. She set numerous other aviation records before disappearing while attempting to fly around the world in 1937.
Malala Yousafzai: A Pakistani activist who became an advocate for girls’ education and human rights at a young age. She survived an assassination attempt by the Taliban in 2012 and went on to become the youngest-ever Nobel Peace Prize laureate in 2014 at the age of 17.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg: An American lawyer and judge who served on the Supreme Court of the United States from 1993 until her death in 2020. She was a champion of gender equality and women’s rights, and played a key role in advancing legal protections for women in the United States.
Mother Teresa: A Catholic nun who devoted her life to serving the poor and sick in India and around the world. She founded the Missionaries of Charity, which now operates in more than 130 countries, and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.
Ada Lovelace: An English mathematician who is widely regarded as the world’s first computer programmer. She worked with Charles Babbage on his designs for the Analytical Engine, and wrote the first algorithm intended to be processed by a machine.
These women, among countless others, have made significant contributions to their fields and to society as a whole. Their achievements have inspired generations of women to pursue their own goals and ambitions.
Indian women’s achievements and there names
There are many Indian women who have made significant contributions to various fields and achieved notable accomplishments. Here are some examples:
Indira Gandhi: The first and only female Prime Minister of India, who served in office from 1966 to 1977 and again from 1980 until her assassination in 1984. She was a powerful leader who implemented numerous social and economic policies aimed at improving the lives of Indian citizens.
Kalpana Chawla: An Indian-American astronaut who became the first woman of Indian origin to go to space. She flew on two Space Shuttle missions before tragically perishing in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster in 2003.
Mary Kom: A world-renowned boxer who has won numerous medals and championships throughout her career, including six gold medals at the World Amateur Boxing Championships.
Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw: The founder and CEO of Biocon Limited, a biopharmaceutical company based in Bangalore, India. She is a prominent businesswoman and entrepreneur who has been recognized with numerous awards and honors for her contributions to the field.
Saina Nehwal: A badminton player who became the first Indian woman to win an Olympic medal in badminton, taking home the bronze medal at the 2012 London Olympics.
Rani Lakshmibai: Also known as the “Rani of Jhansi,” Lakshmibai was a queen and warrior who fought against British rule during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. She is remembered as a symbol of resistance and bravery in Indian history.
These are just a few examples of the many Indian women who have made important contributions to various fields and have become role models for generations of women to come.